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What is Medicare?

Medicare is health insurance for individuals age 65+ as well as recipients of Social Security Disability for at least 2 years and people who have End Stage Renal Disease.  The tricky part about Medicare in New Jersey is choosing what type of coverage is right for your needs.

What are Medicare's different parts?

When it comes to Medicare, you’ll often hear talk about Part A, B, C, and D.  Below is an overview of these components. 

  • Medicare Part A - Includes hospital coverage, hospice, home health care, and skilled nursing facility care. There is no monthly fee if you or a spouse worked in the country for 40 quarters (10 years).
  • Medicare Part B - Includes doctor visits, outpatient surgery, lab tests, medical equipment, and mental healthcare. There is a monthly fee based on your income. Individuals with higher income will pay one of five different surcharge amounts based on which bracket their income falls within.
  • Medicare Part C - Also known as Medicare Advantage plans, these plans combine your Medicare Part A, Part B and Part D to be managed by a private insurance company. These plans often include Prescription Drug benefits and are network based, HMO or PPO.
  • Medicare Part D - Prescription Drug coverage offered through private insurance carriers.

What is a Medicare Supplement plan?

And how do they work with Original Medicare?

Also known as "Medigap", these plans “close the gap” of costs that Medicare doesn’t cover. Original Medicare Parts A and B have costs which are your responsibility, such as 20% of Part B bills and a deductible for a hospital admission.  Medigap plans are offered through private insurance companies and the premiums are based on your age in New Jersey.

How Do I enroll in Medicare?

If you are receiving Social Security benefits before age 65, you will be automatically enrolled in Medicare Part A (Hospital) and Part B (Doctor), and can choose to enroll in a Medicare Supplement, Prescription Drug Plan, or Medicare Advantage (Part C) plan.


If you are not receiving Social Security benefits before age 65 and want to take Medicare, you have to apply for Medicare Part A (Hospital) and Part B (Doctor).  You can apply for Medicare on Social Security's website or at your local Social Security Office.

Contact New Jersey Medicare Brokers if you have additional questions about applying for Medicare based on your specific situation.